Feb 1, 2013

Citizen Rights. Part 1. A Quick Look.

What do countries say about citizen rights?
There are the usual freedom and security rights.
There are a few noble rights that countries have trouble providing:
1) The right to earn a livelihood
What if the country has 10% unemployment, not counting about 20% who have given up the search for employment?
2) All people shall have the right to maintain the minimum standards of wholesome and cultured living.
What if people do not have sufficient money to do these?

USA (from US Citizenship and Immigration Services)

Freedom to express yourself.
Freedom to worship as you wish.
Right to a prompt, fair trial by jury.
Right to vote in elections for public officials.
Right to apply for federal employment requiring U.S. citizenship.
Right to run for elected office.
Freedom to pursue “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

Ireland (from Citizens Information Board)
Fundamental Rights under the Irish Constitution

The constitutional rights include:
Equality before the law
The right to life
The right to trial by jury
The right to bodily integrity
Freedom to travel
Personal liberty
Freedom of expression
Freedom of assembly
Freedom of association
Religious liberty
The rights of the family
Property rights
The right to earn a livelihood
Inviolability of dwelling
The right to fair procedures
The right to privacy

The Rights include:
Fundamental freedoms
Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms:
(a) freedom of conscience and religion;
(b) freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication;
(c) freedom of peaceful assembly; and
(d) freedom of association.
Democratic rights of citizens
Every citizen of Canada has the right to vote in an election of members of the House of Commons or of a legislative assembly and to be qualified for membership therein.
Mobility of citizens
Every citizen of Canada has the right to enter, remain in and leave Canada.
Every citizen of Canada and every person who has the status of a permanent resident of Canada has the right
(a) to move to and take up residence in any province; and
(b) to pursue the gaining of a livelihood in any province.
Life, liberty and security of person
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice.
Everyone has the right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure.
Everyone has the right not to be arbitrarily detained or imprisoned.
Everyone has the right on arrest or detention
(a) to be informed promptly of the reasons therefor;
(b) to retain and instruct counsel without delay and to be informed of that right; and
(c) to have the validity of the detention determined by way of habeas corpus and to be released if the detention is not lawful.
Treatment or punishment
Everyone has the right not to be subjected to any cruel and unusual treatment or punishment.
Equality before and under law and equal protection and benefit of law
Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.

The Constitution of Japan has a long list of citizen rights. A few are listed below.
Article 11. The people shall not be prevented from enjoying any of the fundamental human rights. These fundamental human rights guaranteed to the people by this Constitution shall be conferred upon the people of this and future generations as eternal and inviolate rights.

Article 17. Every person may sue for redress as provided by law from the State or a public entity, in case he has suffered damage through illegal act of any public official.
Article 18. No person shall be held in bondage of any kind. Involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime, is prohibited.

Article 25. All people shall have the right to maintain the minimum standards of wholesome and cultured living.
In all spheres of life, the State shall use its endeavors for the promotion and extension of social welfare and security, and of public health.

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